The role of surgery in the multimodality management of non-small cell lung cancer.

L. R. Kaiser, J. S. Friedberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The majority of patients with lung cancer have disseminated disease at the time of presentation. For the minority of patients with disease localized to the chest, the concept of staging becomes particularly important because it has a major impact on the treatment plan. Guided by findings on the computed tomographic scan, mediastinoscopy remains the definitive invasive staging procedure to document unequivocally the involvement of the mediastinal lymph nodes. Equally as important is the documentation of absence of disease in contralateral lymph nodes. Patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer, especially those with involvement of mediastinal lymph nodes (N2), are candidates for a multimodality approach to treatment involving either chemotherapy alone or in combination with radiation therapy. Surgical excision may be important in the management of these patients after an induction regimen. If surgical excision is performed, complete excision is the single most important factor. Postoperative adjuvant therapy may reduce the incidence of local recurrence but has not been shown to improve survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-79
Number of pages20
JournalSeminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1997


  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms/pathology
  • Lymph Node Excision
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Mediastinoscopy
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Palliative Care
  • Pneumonectomy
  • Postoperative Care
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Postoperative Period
  • Thoracoscopy


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