The Philadelphia Lung Cancer Learning Community: a multi–health-system, citywide approach to lung cancer screening

Julie A. Barta, Cherie P. Erkmen, Christine S. Shusted, Ronald E. Myers, Chelsea Saia, Sarah Cohen, Jocelyn Wainwright, Charnita Zeigler-Johnson, Farouk Dako, Richard Wender, Gregory C. Kane, Anil Vachani, Katharine A. Rendle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Lung cancer screening uptake for individuals at high risk is generally low across the United States, and reporting of lung cancer screening practices and outcomes is often limited to single hospitals or institutions. We describe a citywide, multicenter analysis of individuals receiving lung cancer screening integrated with geospatial analyses of neighborhood-level lung cancer risk factors. Methods: The Philadelphia Lung Cancer Learning Community consists of lung cancer screening clinicians and researchers at the 3 largest health systems in the city. This multidisciplinary, multi-institutional team identified a Philadelphia Lung Cancer Learning Community study cohort that included 11 222 Philadelphia residents who underwent low-dose computed tomography for lung cancer screening from 2014 to 2021 at a Philadelphia Lung Cancer Learning Community health-care system. Individual-level demographic and clinical data were obtained, and lung cancer screening participants were geocoded to their Philadelphia census tract of residence. Neighborhood characteristics were integrated with lung cancer screening counts to generate bivariate choropleth maps. Results: The combined sample included 37.8% Black adults, 52.4% women, and 56.3% adults who currently smoke. Of 376 residential census tracts in Philadelphia, 358 (95.2%) included 5 or more individuals undergoing lung cancer screening, and the highest counts were geographically clustered around each health system's screening sites. A relatively low percentage of screened adults resided in census tracts with high tobacco retailer density or high smoking prevalence. Conclusions: The sociodemographic characteristics of lung cancer screening participants in Philadelphia varied by health system and neighborhood. These results suggest that a multicenter approach to lung cancer screening can identify vulnerable areas for future tailored approaches to improving lung cancer screening uptake. Future directions should use these findings to develop and test collaborative strategies to increase lung cancer screening at the community and regional levels.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberpkad071
JournalJNCI Cancer Spectrum
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2023

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