The idf definition is better suited for screening metabolic syndrome and estimating risks of diabetes in asian american adults: Evidence from nhanes 2011–2016

Lin Zhu, Cody Spence, Wei Jenny Yang, Grace X. Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: extensive effort has been made to better define metabolic syndrome (MetS). Whether current definitions accurately diagnose MetS and predict risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) or diabetes in diverse ethnic groups remains largely unknown. The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of MetS and risk of CVD and diabetes among Asian American adults using two MetS definitions, one proposed by the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (ATP III) and one by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Methods: we obtained a nationally representative sample of 2121 Asian American adults in the noninstitutionalized civilian population of the United States from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011–2016). We computed age-adjusted, gender-specific MetS prevalence and each MetS component using ATP III and IDF definitions. Results: based on the IDF definition, MetS prevalence was 39.26% among Asian American men and 39.66% among Asian American women included in the study sample. Based on the ATP III definition, MetS prevalence in our sample was 39.38% among men and 36.11% among women. We found good concordance between the IDF and the ATP III definitions in identifying MetS in Asian American adults. Those with MetS defined only by the IDF definition had significantly higher body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference than those with MetS defined only by the ATP III definition. The IDF definition also better predicted elevated fasting insulin. Conclusions: the IDF definition is more pertinent than the ATP III definition for screening and estimating risk of CVD and diabetes in Asian American adults. Future studies should examine differences in MetS prevalence across Asian ethnic groups to facilitate the development of culturally tailored strategies improve MetS prevention and detection in Asian Americans.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3871
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asian Americans
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Metabolic syndrome

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