Suppression of colon tumorigenesis in mutant apc mice by a novel PDE10 inhibitor that reduces oncogenic β-catenin

Kevin J. Lee, Wen Chi L. Chang, Xi Chen, Jacob Valiyaveettil, Veronica Ramirez-Alcantara, Elaine Gavin, Alla Musiyenko, Luciana Madeira Da Silva, Naga S. Annamdevula, Silas J. Leavesley, Antonio Ward, Tyler Mattox, Ashley S. Lindsey, Joel Andrews, Bing Zhu, Charles Wood, Ashleigh Neese, Ashley Nguyen, Kristy Berry, Yulia MaxuitenkoMary Pat Moyer, Elmar Nurmemmedov, Greg Gorman, Lori Coward, Gang Zhou, Adam B. Keeton, Harry S. Cooper, Margie L. Clapper, Gary A. Piazza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Previous studies have reported that phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10) is overexpressed in colon epithelium during early stages of colon tumorigenesis and essential for colon cancer cell growth. Here we describe a novel non-COX inhibitory derivative of the anti-inflammatory drug, sulindac, with selective PDE10 inhibitory activity, ADT 061. ADT 061 potently inhibited the growth of colon cancer cells expressing high levels of PDE10, but not normal colonocytes that do not express PDE10. The concentration range by which ADT 061 inhibited colon cancer cell growth was identical to concentrations that inhibit recombinant PDE10. ADT 061 inhibited PDE10 by a competitive mechanism and did not affect the activity of other PDE isozymes at concentrations that inhibit colon cancer cell growth. Treatment of colon cancer cells with ADT 061 activated cGMP/PKG signaling, induced phosphorylation of oncogenic β-catenin, inhibited Wnt-induced nuclear translocation of β-catenin, and suppressed TCF/LEF transcription at concentrations that inhibit cancer cell growth. Oral administration of ADT 061 resulted in high concentrations in the colon mucosa and significantly suppressed the formation of colon adenomas in the Apc +/min-FCCC mouse model of colorectal cancer without discernable toxicity. These results support the development of ADT 061 for the treatment or prevention of adenomas in individuals at risk of developing colorectal cancer. PREVENTION RELEVANCE: PDE10 is overexpressed in colon tumors whereby inhibition activates cGMP/PKG signaling and suppresses Wnt/β-catenin transcription to selectively induce apoptosis of colon cancer cells. ADT 061 is a novel PDE10 inhibitor that shows promising cancer chemopreventive activity and tolerance in a mouse model of colon cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1008
Number of pages14
JournalCancer Prevention Research
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • Animals
  • Carcinogenesis
  • Colon/pathology
  • Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy
  • Mice
  • Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors/pharmacology
  • Sulindac/pharmacology
  • beta Catenin


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