RBF binding to both canonical E2F targets and noncanonical targets depends on functional dE2F/dDP complexes

Michael Korenjak, Endre Anderssen, Sridhar Ramaswamy, Johnathan R. Whetstine, Nicholas J. Dyson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

The retinoblastoma (RB) family of proteins regulate transcription. These proteins lack intrinsic DNA-binding activity but are recruited to specific genomic locations through interactions with sequence-specific DNA-binding factors. The best-known target of RB protein (pRB) is the E2F transcription factor; however, many other chromatin-associated proteins have been described that may allow RB family members to act at additional sites. To gain a perspective on the scale of E2F-dependent and E2F-independent functions, we generated genome-wide binding profiles of RBF1 and dE2F proteins in Drosophila larvae. RBF1 and dE2F2 associate with a large number of binding sites at genes with diverse biological functions. In contrast, dE2F1 was detected at a smaller set of promoters, suggesting that it overrides repression by RBF1/dE2F2 at a specific subset of targets. Approximately 15% of RBF1-bound regions lacked consensus E2F-binding motifs. To test whether RBF1 action at these sites is E2F independent, we examined dDP mutant larvae that lack any functional dE2F/dDP heterodimers. As measured by chromatin immunoprecipitation-microarray analysis (ChIP-chip), ChIP-quantitative PCR (qPCR), and cell fractionation, the stable association of RBF1 with chromatin was eliminated in dDP mutants. This requirement for dDP was seen at classic E2F-regulated promoters and at promoters that lacked canonical E2F-binding sites. These results suggest that E2F/DP complexes are essential for all genomic targeting of RBF1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4375-4387
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume32
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

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