Germline pathogenic variants in the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene are associated with high and moderate risks for multiple cancers

Michael J. Hall, Ryan Bernhisel, Elisha Hughes, Katie Larson, Eric T. Rosenthal, Nanda A. Singh, Johnathan M. Lancaster, Allison W. Kurian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pathogenic variants (PVs) in ATM are relatively common, but the scope and magnitude of risk remains uncertain. This study aimed to estimate ATM PV cancer risks independent of family cancer history. This analysis included patients referred for hereditary cancer testing with a multi-gene panel (N ¼ 627,742). Cancer risks for ATM PV carriers (N ¼ 4,607) were adjusted for family history using multivariable logistic regression and reported as ORs with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Subanalyses of the c.7271T>G missense PV were conducted. Moderate-to-high risks for pancreatic (OR, 4.21; 95% CI, 3.24-5.47), prostate (OR, 2.58; 95% CI, 1.93-3.44), gastric (OR, 2.97; 95% CI, 1.66-5.31), and invasive ductal breast (OR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.89-2.19) cancers were estimated for ATM PV carriers. Notably, c.7271T>G was associated with higher invasive ductal breast cancer risk (OR, 3.76; 95% CI, 2.76-5.12) than other missense and truncating ATM PVs. Low-to-moderate risks were seen for ductal carcinoma in situ (OR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.61-2.02), male breast cancer (OR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.08-2.75), ovarian cancer (OR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.35-1.83), colorectal cancer (OR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.24-1.79), and melanoma (OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.18-1.81). ATM PVs are associated with multiple cancer risks and, while professional society guidelines support that carriers are eligible for increased breast and pancreatic cancer screening, increased screening for prostate and gastric cancer may also be warranted. c.7271T>G is associated with high risk for breast cancer, with a 3- to 4-fold risk increase that supports consideration of strategies for prevention and/or early detection. Prevention Relevance: This study estimated risks for multiple cancers associated with ATM pathogenic variants independent of family history. These results indicate that some common variants may be associated with higher breast cancer risks than previously appreciated and increased screening for prostate and gastric cancer may be warranted for carriers of ATM pathogenic variants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-440
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Prevention Research
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

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