Exposing the Two Contrasting Faces of STAT2 in Inflammation

Philip Duodu, Geohaira Sosa, Jorge Canar, Olivia Chhugani, Ana M. Gamero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inflammation is a natural immune defense mechanism of the body's response to injury, infection, and other damaging triggers. Uncontrolled inflammation may become chronic and contribute to a range of chronic inflammatory diseases. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 2 (STAT2) is an essential transcription factor exclusive to type I and type III interferon (IFN) signaling pathways. Both pathways are involved in multiple biological processes, including powering the immune system as a means of controlling infection that must be tightly regulated to offset the development of persistent inflammation. While studies depict STAT2 as protective in promoting host defense, new evidence is accumulating that exposes the deleterious side of STAT2 when inappropriately regulated, thus prompting its reevaluation as a signaling molecule with detrimental effects in human disease. This review aims to provide a comprehensive summary of the findings based on literature regarding the inflammatory behavior of STAT2 in microbial infections, cancer, autoimmune, and inflammatory diseases. In conveying the extent of our knowledge of STAT2 as a proinflammatory mediator, the aim of this review is to stimulate further investigations into the role of STAT2 in diseases characterized by deregulated inflammation and the mechanisms responsible for triggering severe responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)467-481
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Interferon and Cytokine Research
Volume42
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Bacterial
  • Cancer
  • Inflammation
  • Interferon
  • STAT2
  • Viral

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