Examining Mental Health and Bullying Concerns at the Intersection of Sexuality, Gender, Race, and Ethnicity Among a National Sample of Sexual and Gender Diverse Youth

Ryan J. Watson, Antonia E. Caba, Samantha E. Lawrence, Benton M. Renley, Peter S. McCauley, Christopher W. Wheldon, Lisa A. Eaton, Stephen T. Russell, Marla E. Eisenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Most extant scholarship that examines the health experiences of sexual and gender diverse youth (SGDY) is limited in the ability to apply an intersectional framework due to small sample sizes and limitations in analytic methods that only analyze the independent contribution of social identities. To address this gap, this study explored the well-being of youth at the intersection of ethnic, racial, sexual, and gender identities in relation to mental health and bullying. Methods: Data were from a U.S. national survey of SGDY aged 13–18 years, collected in 2022 (N = 12,822). Exhaustive Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detection analysis identified intersectional social positions bearing the greatest burden of negative health-related experiences (depression, anxiety, and past 30-day in-person victimization). Results: Transgender boys were among those at the highest prevalence for compromised mental health and peer-based in-person victimization. Although the primary distinguishing factor was transgender identity for depression and anxiety, there were no racial/ethnic distinctions, corroborating some previous scholarship. Asian cisgender and transgender girl SGDY shared the lowest burden of peer-based in-person victimization in school. Conclusion: Our findings suggest a need for scholars, health professionals, and other stakeholders to better understand the mechanisms that drive negative health experiences and in-person victimization experiences at the intersections of sexual, gender, racial, and ethnic identities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-27
Number of pages8
JournalLGBT Health
Volume11
Issue number1
Early online dateAug 1 2023
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024

Keywords

  • gay
  • intersectionality
  • mental health
  • race/ethnicity/culture
  • Bullying
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health
  • Gender Identity
  • Ethnicity
  • Transgender Persons
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities
  • Adolescent
  • Sexuality
  • Female

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