Differences in subjective memory impairment, depressive symptoms, sleep, and physical activity in african american and asian american elderly

Minsun Lee, Jin Hyeok Nam, Elizabeth Yi, Aisha Bhimla, Julie Nelson, Grace X. Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Subjective memory impairment (SMI) is associated with negative health outcomes including mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease. However, ethnic differences in SMI and disparities in risk factors associated with SMI among minority populations are understudied. The study examined the ethnic differences in SMI, whether SMI was associated with depressive symptoms, sleep, and physical activity (PA), and whether the associations vary across racial/ethnic groups. Methods: Participants included 243 African and Asian Americans (including Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean Americans) aged 50 or older. Demographic information, SMI, depressive symptoms, daily sleeping hours, and PA levels were assessed. Results: Vietnamese Americans reported the highest SMI score. Depressive symptoms, sleeping hours, and PA levels were significantly associated with SMI. Depressive symptoms were the only significant factor across all ethnic groups. Significant interaction effects were found between ethnicity and health behaviors in predicting SMI. In particular, Vietnamese American participants with greater depressive symptoms and physical inactivity were significantly more likely to experience SMI compared to other ethnic groups Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate ethnic differences in SMI and its association with depressive symptoms, sleep, and PA, which highlight the importance of considering the unique cultural and historical backgrounds across different racial/ethnic groups when examining cognitive functioning in elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1155
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • African American
  • Asian American
  • Ethnic difference
  • Subjective cognitive impairment

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