Differences in 24-h urine composition between nephrolithiasis patients with and without diabetes mellitus

Christopher Hartman, Justin I. Friedlander, Daniel M. Moreira, Sammy E. Elsamra, Arthur D. Smith, Zeph Okeke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

ObjectivesTo examine the differences in 24-h urine composition between nephrolithiasis patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) in a large cohort of stone-formers and to examine differences in stone composition between patients with and without DM. Patients and Methods A retrospective review of 1117 patients with nephrolithiasis and a 24-h urine analysis was completed. Univariable analysis of 24-h urine profiles and multivariable linear regression models were performed, comparing patients with and without DM. A subanalysis of patients with stone analysis data available was performed, comparing the stone composition of patients with and without DM. Results Of the 1117 patients who comprised the study population, 181 (16%) had DM and 936 (84%) did not have DM at the time of urine analysis. Univariable analysis showed significantly higher total urine volume, citrate, uric acid (UA), sodium, potassium, sulphate, oxalate, chloride, and supersaturation (SS) of UA in individuals with DM (all P < 0.05). However, patients with DM had significantly lower SS of calcium phosphate and pH (all P < 0.05). Multivariable analysis showed that patients with DM had significantly lower urinary pH and SS of calcium phosphate, but significantly greater citrate, UA, sulphate, oxalate, chloride, SSUA, SS of calcium oxalate, and volume than patients without DM (all P < 0.05). Patients with DM had a significantly greater proportion of UA in their stones than patients without DM (50.2% vs 13.5%, P < 0.001). Conclusions DM was associated with multiple differences on 24-h urine analysis compared with those without DM, including significantly higher UA and oxalate, and lower pH. Control of urinary UA and pH, as well as limiting intake of dietary oxalate may reduce stone formation in patients with DM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-624
Number of pages6
JournalBJU International
Volume115
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Diabetes Complications/urine
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Calculi/urine
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nephrolithiasis/complications
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Uric Acid/analysis
  • Urinalysis
  • Urine/chemistry

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