Depressive Symptom Severity and Immigration-Related Characteristics in Asian American Immigrants

Minsun Lee, Aisha Bhimla, Grace X. Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The study examined immigration factors associated with depressive symptom severity among Asian American immigrants. Participants were 458 Chinese, Korean and Vietnamese adults. Depressive symptom severity was measured by PHQ-9. Overall, the likelihood of being moderately to severely depressed was significantly increased among immigrants living in the US for < 10 years and Korean Americans compared to Chinese Americans. However, mild level of depressive symptoms was not associated with any immigration-related factors. The positive impact of shorter duration of living in the US and a younger age at immigration (≤ 17) on depressive symptoms was evident among women but not among men. For men, marital status and education level were significant predictors of being moderately to severely depressed. Differentiating immigrant factors and identifying depressive symptom severity can help drive community and clinical interventions to detect and treat depression early among Asian American immigrants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-945
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Asian Americans
  • Depression
  • Immigrants
  • Symptom severity


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