Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Lung Cancer: A Review for Clinicians

Gerard J. Criner, Alvar Agusti, Hossein Borghaei, Joseph Friedberg, Fernando J. Martinez, Curtis T. Miyamoto, Claus F. Vogelmeier, Bartolome R. Celli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer are common global causes of morbidity and mortality. Because both diseases share several predisposing risks, the 2 diseases may occur concurrently in susceptible individuals. The diagnosis of COPD has important implications for the diagnostic approach and treatment options if lesions concerning for lung cancer are identified during screening. Importantly, the presence of COPD has significant implications on prognosis and management of patients with lung cancer. In this monograph, we review the mechanistic linkage between lung cancer and COPD, the impact of lung cancer screening on patients at risk, and the implications of the presence of COPD on the approach to the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. This manuscript succinctly reviews the epidemiology and common pathogenetic factors for the concurrence of COPD and lung cancer. Importantly for the clinician, it summarizes the indications, benefits, and complications of lung cancer screening in patients with COPD, and the assessment of risk factors for patients with COPD undergoing consideration of various treatment options for lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-476
Number of pages23
JournalChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 29 2022

Keywords

  • COPD
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • lung cancer

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