A Novel Approach for Conducting a Catchment Area Analysis of Breast Cancer by Age and Stage for a Community Cancer Center

Scott D. Siegel, Yuchen Zhang, Shannon M. Lynch, Jennifer Rowland, Frank C. Curriero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recently issued an updated draft recommendation statement to initiate breast cancer screening at age 40, reflecting well-documented disparities in breast cancer–related mortality that disproportionately impact younger Black women. This study applied a novel approach to identify hotspots of breast cancer diagnosed before age 50 and/or at an advanced stage to improve breast cancer detection within these communities. Methods: Cancer registry data for 3,497 women with invasive breast cancer diagnosed or treated between 2012 and 2020 at the Helen F. Graham Cancer Center and Research Institute (HFGCCRI) and who resided in the HFGCCRI catchment area, defined as New Castle County, Delaware, were geocoded and analyzed with spatial intensity. Standardized incidence ratios stratified by age and race were calculated for each hotspot. Results: Four hotspots were identified, two for breast cancer diagnosed before age 50, one for advanced breast cancer, and one for advanced breast cancer diagnosed before age 50. Younger Black women were overrepresented in these hotspots relative to the full-catchment area. Conclusions: The novel use of spatial methods to analyze a community cancer center catchment area identified geographic areas with higher rates of breast cancer with poor prognostic factors and evidence that these areas made an outsized contribution to racial disparities in breast cancer. Impact: Identifying and prioritizing hotspot breast cancer communities for community outreach and engagement activities designed to improve breast cancer detection have the potential to reduce the overall burden of breast cancer and narrow racial disparities in breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)646-653
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Black or African American/statistics & numerical data
  • Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology
  • Cancer Care Facilities/statistics & numerical data
  • Catchment Area, Health/statistics & numerical data
  • Delaware/epidemiology
  • Early Detection of Cancer/statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Registries/statistics & numerical data

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